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Doktorand*innen und Fellows

 

Doktorand*innen

 

Leila Armanious

Armanious  

E-Mail: leila_armanious@outlook.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink

Arbeitstitel
Das Phänomen inoffizieller Eheschließungen am Beispiel Ägypten

 

 

 

 

Abstract

In den meisten islamisch geprägten Gesellschaften ist eine Eheschließung die einzige Möglichkeit, eine von Staat und Gesellschaft anerkannte zwischengeschlechtliche Beziehung zu führen – so auch in Ägypten. Durch verschiedene sozioökonomische, rechtliche und politische Entwicklungen sieht sich die „konventionelle“ offizielle Eheschließung jedoch vermehrt von unkonventionelleren und informellen Beziehungsformen bedroht. Die hierbei wohl bekannteste und gleichzeitig umstrittenste Alternative ist die so genannte curfī-Ehe – eine staatlich weder registrierte noch beurkundete Ehe, der oft vorgeworfen wird, insbesondere von Studenten zur Legitimation eines geheimen sexuellen Verhältnisses benutzt zu werden. Während sich bisherige Forschungen vorwiegend mit den Gründen sowie den (rechtlichen) Folgen dieser Ehen auseinandersetzten, hat dieses von der Gerda-Henkel-Stiftung geförderte Dissertationsprojekt die Erforschung der Eheschließungen selbst zum Ziel.

 


 

Anne-Marie Brack

 

E-Mail: anne-marie.brack@web.de

Betreut von: Dr. Tim Epkenhans

 


 

Ady Candra

Ady Candra   E-Mail: candraady2007@gmail.com

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink

 
Arbeitstitel
Adapting Indonesian Islam to the Gulf: An Ethnographic Study of Indonesian Imams in Qatar

 

Abstract

The research studies how Indonesian Islam adapts itself to the Gulf religious context. The main question asked is how do Indonesian Imams - with diverse backgrounds and interpretations of Islam – adapt and renegotiate their religious identities after migrating into the Salafi-based cultural and religious context of Qatar?   It relies mainly on ethnographic study of Indonesian Imams who were recruited to conduct “religious work” in the state of Qatar. The in-depth study of Indonesian Imams in Qatar highlights how Indonesian Islam and the Gulf religious context interact with each other and how the migration into a different socio-religious context deeply impacts on the negotiation of religious practices and even beliefs of a particular culture. This research expects to contribute and fill the gap currently exists in the interaction between two Islamic cultures and migration studies.


Short Biography

Ady Candra is a recent graduate of the MA program in the Study of Contemporary Muslim Thought and Societies at Faculty of Islamic Studies, Hamad bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar. Prior to this, he completed a Postgraduate Diploma in Islamic Studies at the same university and a Bachelor’s degree in Arabic language and Islamic Studies in Indonesia.

 


 

M. Antonieta Emparán F.

 

de_Vito 

E-Mail: antonieta.emparan@gmail.com

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Ulrich Rebstock


Arbeitstitel
Celestial Cosmology in Islamic geometric art. The case of the zillij in the Merinid madāris of Fez.

 

 

 

 

This research is a proposal for an iconographic interpretation of the geometric ornament developed by the Merinid dynasty in the madaris of its capital city, Fez. I argue that the Muslim cosmology is represented in a two-dimensional plane in the Merinids zillij of the madāris in Fez. The three principal aims of my research are 1) To create a catalogue that shows an overview of the Muslim cosmology's representations in a transmaterial and transmedial examination (architecture, landscaping, book paintings, furniture). 2) To compare in a transmedial way the two-dimensional geometry from the spherical cosmographic's representation. 3) To propose symbolic interpretations of the zillij, through a transdisciplinary approach of the research about the historical development of mathematics (astrology, astronomy, geometry, arithmology and numerology). 


Short Biography

María Antonieta Emparán F. is graduated in Arts with a concentration in Art History at Universidad de Chile (2013) and Master in Art History at Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez (2016). She also completed Diplomas in Arabic Language, Arabic History and Culture, Theory and Practice of Sufism and Religious Sciences at the University of Chile. His work has focused on the Islamic geometric art of the Maghreb and al-Andalus. She is currently holding a doctoral scholarship under a bilateral agreement between Becas ANID of the Chilean Government and DAAD.

 


 

Nina Heinz

 

E-Mail: nina.heinz@gmx.net

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Ulrich Rebstock

 


 

Solav Manmi

 

aminsolav@yahoo.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Roswitha Badry

 

Arbeitstitel:
Historische und sozialökonomische Faktoren bei der Herausbildung heterodoxer Gruppierungen – Ahl-i Haqq und Yeziden als Beispiel (11.-15. Jh.)
 
Abstract:
Die geplante Dissertation versteht sich als Beitrag zur bisher kaum erforschten Frühphase heterodoxer Gruppierungen in den von Kurden bewohnten Gebieten in der irakisch-iranischen Grenzregion zwischen dem 11. und 15. Jahrhundert. Dazu sollen bisher nur unzureichend oder gar nicht genutzte Originalquellen ausgewertet werden. Ausgehend von der These, dass es sich bein den Ahl-i-Haqq und den Yeziden um religiös gesehen extrem synkretistische Geheimreligionen handelt, die besonders von sozial (und ethnisch) marginalisierten Schichten in einer peripheren Region getragen wurden, wird ein Hauptaugenmerk auf der Untersuchung der Rolle der Unterschichten bei der Herauskristallisierung dieser Gemeinschaften liegen. Einen weiteren Fokus der Doktorarbeit wird die Frage nach der Bedeutung und dem Stellenwert so genannter Wanderderwische (Qalandar, Abdal) bei der Entwicklung und Herausbildung der Lehren und Praxen der genannten heterodoxen Gruppierungen bilden.

 


 

Akrimi Matswah

Akrimi_Matswah.jpg

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink

Working title:

The Contemporary Tradition of Oral Interpretation of the Qur’an in Indonesia


 
Short biography:
 

Akrimi Matswah is Lecturer of Quranic studies at State Islamic Institute of Jember, East Java. She completed her Bachelor in State Islamic Institute of Ponorogo, East Java, with a major in Qur’anic exegesis and Hadith studies. She obtained her master’s degrees from State Islamic University Sunan Kalijaga in Yogyakarta with the same specialisation. Her works mainly deal with Qur’anic exegesis and have been published in several journals in Indonesia. She holds a Ph.D. scholarship from the Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Indonesian Republic in Orientalisches Seminar at Albert-Ludwigs Universitat Freiburg under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink for her research of oral tafsīr in Indonesia.
 


 

Ali Mohammad Moradian

 

E-Mail: am_moradian@yahoo.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Tim Epkenhans

 


 

Lana Mzhavia

Mzhavia  



Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Ulrich Rebstock

Arbeitstitel
Textheterotopien von Ṣabāḥ al-Ḫarraṭ Zwayn, Iman Mirsāl und Suzanne Alaywan

 

 

 

 

 


 

Mohamed Oucharah

 

E-Mail: montagne@hotmail.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Ulrich Rebstock

 


  

Yulianingsih Riswan

Yulianingsih Riswan 



Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink

Arbeitstitel

Interpreting Hijra in Millenial Era: Youth, Capitalism, and New Piety in Indonesia

 

 

 

 

Historically Hijra refers to the event when Muhammad, suppressed by the Meccan opponents, decided to migrate from Mecca to Medina to look for a better condition for the Prophet’s mission. In modern Indonesia this idea transforms into a phenomenon especially common among young Middle and high class Muslims, moving away from their previous polluted life into purer form of Islam. They abandon practices that they consider secular and dedicated their life to religious activities. Contemporary hijra phenomenon in Indonesia, therefore, is much more complex than shift of appearances. While it represents a positive transformation into piety, it is also problematic since the practitioners tend to interpret Islam in an exclusive way, imagining a purely Islamic practices and religious spaces for Muslims. This research traces the use of Hijra concept, by investigating how the followers employ certain Qur’anic verses and hadith to justify the hijra concept. It studies how selective interpretive lenses are used by the followers to adapt as well as resist modern secular life. 


Short Biography

Yulianingsih Riswan studied the foundations of Islam at Pesantren Darussalam Gontor. She continued her higher education at Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), taking Philosophy for her bachelor and Religious Studies for her master. The issue of religion and commodification began to attract her interest when she conducted a fieldwork in Bali as part of her fellowship with Ford Foundation and Center for Asia Pacific Studies UGM. Currently she is on leave from teaching duties at the Philosophy Faculty UGM to pursue her doctoral study at Freiburg University under the supervision of Prof. Johanna Pink. Her other research interests include phenomenology of religion, Islamic pop culture, Muslim student movement, and gender. 

 


  

Sarah Stegemann

 

sarah.stegemann@sfb948.uni-freiburg.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Tim Epkenhans

 

Arbeitstitel

In dem Forschungsvorhaben soll der semantische Wandel präfigurativer Heldenfiguren sowie Diskurse über heroisierte historische Akteure in der staatlich autorisierten Geschichtsschreibung des Iran zur Zeit der Pahlavī-Dynastie (1925-1979) analysiert werden.

 

Abstract

Die Geschichtsschreibung wurde zu jener Zeit als zentrale geisteswissenschaftliche Disziplin zu einer tragenden Säule staatlicher Identitäts- und Legitimationspolitik, so dass davon ausgegangen wird, dass ein Zusammenhang zwischen der Konstruktion kollektiver Identitäten und staatlich gesteuerter Historiographie als Legitimationswissenschaft besteht. Dem Zeitschichtenmodell von Reinhard Koselleck folgend, wird ferner die Hypothese formuliert, dass die offizielle Geschichtsschreibung in der Pahlavī-Ära eine Ablösung iranisch-islamischer Narrative historischer Identität und damit auch des Heroischen durch eine dezidiert vor-islamische, exklusiv iranische Variante verfolgte. Im Pahlavī-Iran sollte die religiöse Kosmologie durch die Wiederbelebung und wissenschaftliche Disziplinierung der iranischen Mythologie ersetzt werden. Gleichwohl ist davon auszugehen, dass die spätestens seit der Safawidenzeit (1501-1722) zirkulierenden schiitisch geprägten Heldennarrative nicht vollständig verdrängt werden konnten und daher den Bedürfnissen des Systems entsprechend ausgedeutet wurden. Vor diesem Hintergrund soll auf Basis historiographischer Literatur die Darstellung präfigurativer Heldenfiguren im Iran der Pahlavi-Zeit analysiert werden. Als Präfigurate werden in diesem Sinne jene als idealtypisch präsentierten Heldenfiguren bezeichnet, auf die sich die Diskurse zum Heroischen beziehen. Der Konsens über die Semantiken der entsprechenden präfigurativen Heldenfiguren definiert danach die kontextuell wirksamen Heroismen kollektiver Gemeinschaften. Demgemäß soll die historiographische Literatur in Hinblick auf die Semantiken präfigurativer Heldenfiguren sowie deren Reflexion in Heldendarstellungen in der Pahlavī-Zeit analysiert werden.


Short Biography

Sarah Stegemann ist seit September 2017 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Sonderforschungsbereich 948 Helden -- Heroisierungen -- Heroismen. Zuvor studierte sie Islamwissenschaft, Neuere deutsche Literatur und Arabisch in Freiburg, Kairo und Isfahan. Ihren Master of Arts erlangte sie an der Universität Freiburg, wo sie auch als Wissenschaftliche Hilfskraft und Tutorin tätig war. Ihre Masterarbeit, in der sie Reformdebatten und globale Vernetzung afghanischer Intellektueller anhand der Zeitung Siraj ul-Akhbar-e Afghaniyya (1911-1918) untersuchte, gewann den Alumni Preis der Philosophischen Fakultät 2018. Während ihres Studiums erhielt sie Förderung vom DAAD und der Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes.

 


 

Valerio de Vito

de_Vito  



Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink

Arbeitstitel
THE TAFSĪR AL-MANĀR ON ISLAMIC WARFARE. A CRITICAL STUDY OF THE ISLAMIC REFORMIST THINKING OF MUḤAMMAD ‛ABDUH AND M. RAŠĪD RIḌĀ

 

 

 

 

Abstract

This research is essentially the follow-up of my Licentiate thesis which dealt with the “Verse of the Sword” (Q. 9, 5) in the Tafsīr al-manār. The aim will be to holistically and critically analyse and possibly to put into perspective the complex reply given by the Tafsīr in regard to the issue of Islamic warfare, in order to evaluate the theological structure, historical background and intellectual sources. Specifically, it will be interesting to gauge the methodology and internal consistency of the Tafsīr, in order to gain a profound and structured understanding of the complex reformist movement, which influenced Islamic thinking at a pivotal moment of history. Finally, it will be important to assess to what extent the two reformists re-introduced classical ideas or whether their thought represents effectively a new step forward in Islamic theological thinking.

Short Biography

Valerio is Italian and Swiss, holds an A-Level (Schaffhausen- Switzerland, 1988), a MBA (Montpellier-France, 1993), a M.A. in Economics (Modena-Italy, 1994), a B.A. in Theology and a M.Th. (Lugano-Switzerland, respectively 2012 and 2016) and a Licencia Studiorum Arabicorum et Islamicorum (Rome-Italy and Cairo-Egypt, 2015). Professionally, he has been, for ten years, Vice President and Head of Investments for a Tier-1 German Bank in Lugano-Switzerland.

 

 


 

Jannic Wöhrle

Wöhrle  

E-Mail: jwoehrle@web.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Roswitha Badry

Arbeitstitel
Karāma insāniyya – Zum islamischen Menschenwürdeverständnis

 

 

 

 

 


 

Mu’ammar Zayn Qadafy

Mu’ammar Zayn Qadafy  

E-Mail: muammar.zayn.qadafy@orient.uni-freiburg.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink

Arbeitstitel
Toward a Chronological Reading to the Qur’an: A Methodological Review

 

 

 



Abstract:    

Many scholars today perceived an increased need of reading the Qur’an chronologically (al-tafsir al-nuzuli), not only in order to produce a readable holy book in its historical chronology, but also to reveal the shift in meaning of several of its key terms from one period to another. Focusing on six of the most debated suras in this context (al-Fatihah, al-Ra’d, al-Rahman, al-Mutaffifin, al-Falaq, al-Nas), the research aims to identify, map and classify types of theorization of Meccan and Medinan verses of the Qur’an. 



Short Biography

After having finished his six-year-program at a Pesantren (traditional Islamic boarding school) in East Java, Mu’ammar Zayn Qadafy obtained both BA and MA degrees in Qur’anic studies from the Sunan Kalijaga University in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. During this time, he also continued studying Islam in another Pesantren at Krapyak. Since then, he has been academically interested in the connection between the Qur’an and the formative period of Islam. He wrote his master thesis on “the epistemology of the Macro Sababun Nuzul”. His four years of study for his PhD degree in Freiburg which he started in April 2017 are funded by the Indonesia Endowment Fund for Education (LPDP).
 

 Abgeschlossene Promotionen

 

Johannes Bork

Bork 

E-Mail: johannes.bork@live.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Roswitha Badry

Titel
Zum Konstrukt von dār al-islām und dār al-ḥarb. Die zeitgenössische Rezeption eines Konzeptes des klassischen islamischen Rechts

 

 Erscheint im August 2020 in der Reihe Islamkundliche Untersuchungen

 

Abstract

Die Vorstellung einer dichotomen Teilung der Welt in ein Gebiet des Islam (dār al-islām) und ein Gebiet des Krieges (dār al-ḥarb) entstand bereits in der Frühzeit des islamischen Rechts (8./9. Jh.) und übte trotz wandelnder politischer Voraussetzungen nachhaltigen Einfluss auf die Entwicklung von islamischen Völkerrechtskonzepten aus. 
Anhand juristisch-theologischer Schriften islamischer Rechtsgelehrter soll zunächst ein exemplarischer Überblick über Genese und Entwicklung des Konstrukts in der islamischen Geschichte gegeben werden. Einen Schwerpunkt bildet die Phase seit der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts, als verschiedene Entwicklungen (z.B. Kolonialismus,  Globalisierung) diese Vorstellung verstärkt herausforderten und nach neuen Interpretationsmustern verlangten. 
In diesem Kontext wird untersucht, welche Relevanz zeitgenössische islamische Rechtsgelehrte unterschiedlicher Provenienz dieser Vorstellung noch zugestehen und mit welcher Argumentationsweise sie ihre Position stützen, um so eine Synopse des heutigen heterogenen Meinungsspektrums zu bieten.

 


 

Fadhli Lukman

Fadhli Lukman 

E-Mail: fadhli.lukman@orient.uni-freiburg.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink

Arbeitstitel
The State as Political Interpreter: The History of Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya by the Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs 

 

 

 

Biographie

Fadhli Lukman is a Madrasah and Islamic Studies Student. He has had Islamic sciences background since he was in Madrasah Sumatera Thawalib Parabek and further continued to Bachelor and Master degrees in Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta in Qur’an and Exegesis Studies. His works mainly deal with ‘Ulum al-Qur’an and exegesis studies. He has several publications in journals in Indonesia and presented in several conferences. His last conferences were International Conference New Trends in Qur’anic Studies co-hosted by UIN Sunan Kalijaga and IQSA on 4-6 August 2016 and 6th Joint International Conference and Graduate Workshop in Islamic Studies Revisited: Trends in the Study of Islam and Muslims Society on 28 October 2016 in which he presented about Qur’anic identity building in its formative period. Now he is working on Qur’anic Translation of Kementrian Agama Republik Indonesia with Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink in Orientalisches Seminar Albert-Ludwigs Universitat Freiburg.

 


 

Almakan Orozobekova

Fadhli Lukman 

E-Mail: orozobekova@eth.mpg.de

Betreut von: Prof. Dr. Tim Epkenhans

Arbeitstitel

The Making of 'Foreign Fighters'

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Between 2014 and 2016 more than forty thousand individuals were recruited to and joined jihadist groups in Syria and Iraq. They came from more than 100 counties and were considered to be ‘foreign fighters.’ There is a lack of in-depth studies carried out on foreign fighters from Central Asia. This work focuses on what made people from Kyrgyzstan, an under-researched area in Central Asia, become foreign fighters.All the findings illustrate that there is no single profile of foreign fighters. However, there are certain patterns or categories that explain what motivated individuals to go to the war zones in Syria and Iraq. The analysis indicates that the recruitment and mobilization processes are complex and at the same time are specific to every individual involved in the process.
 

Biographie

Almakan Orozobekova worked as a PhD Candidate at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Research Group “How ‘Terrorists’ Learn.”  Previously, she was a doctoral fellow at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy and a visiting scholar at the Department of International Politics of the City University of London. Almakan received her BA degree in International Relations from the International University of Central Asia with the highest distinction. She is also a graduate of the OSCE Academy, the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, and the University of Geneva where she gained MA and MAS degrees with high honours.

 


 

 

Fellows

 

Kameliya Atanasova

Atanasova  

E-Mail: kameliya.atanasova@gmail.com

Doctoral fellow May – September 2015

Title of the research Project
”The spirit of elucidation“: Textual hermeneutics and theories of language in Ismail Hakki Bursevi’s tafsīr works

 

 

Abstract

In my dissertation, which I am completing at the University of Pennsylvania, I study the concept of the Sufi in the works of one of the most prolific Ottoman authors and Jilwati Sufi shaykhs, Ismail Hakki Bursevi (1653-1724).
As a DAAD Fellow at the University of Freiburg this summer, I will work with Qur’ānic tafsīr expert Prof. Dr. Johanna Pink to conduct a close study of one of the most important and extensive Qurʼānic commentaries of the early-modern period, Bursevi’s Kitāb tafsīr al-Qurʼān musammā bi-rūḥ al-bayān (widely known as Rūḥ al-bayān), which I will read along with sections from his smaller commentary Mirāʼat al-ḥaqāʼiq. My study will engage in the broader scholarly conversation about the place of textual commentaries in the Islamic intellectual tradition.

 


 

Dr. Majid Daneshgar

Daneshgar  

University of Otago
Religion and Islamic Studies


E-Mail: majid.daneshgar@frias.uni-freiburg.de

Junior Fellow
September 2017 - August 2018

Title of the research Project
Censorship in Malay Islamic and Exegetical Works

 

See full information on FIRAS

 

Project

In this study, the approach to Shi‘i textual materials in the Malay-Indonesian World is considered. This project will examine the process of censorship from the 19th century onwards in two important genres of written sources used by Malays, i.e. popular Islamic literature and Qur’anic commentaries. This interdisciplinary study bridges the religion, history, politics and culture of the Middle Eastern and Malay-Indonesian worlds. 

 

Short Biography

Majid Daneshgar studied Religion with particular reference to the connection between Islamic intellectual and exegetical progress in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He is also interested in Malay-Indonesian Islamic literature and exegetical works. He completed his PhD at the University of Malaya where he also worked as Assistant Professor of Religion and Islamic Studies. Later on, he worked as a lecturer at the University of Otago, New Zealand, where he was nominated for the Most Inclusive Teacher Award in 2015. Majid also received the Auckland Library Heritage Trust Scholarship in 2017 by which he could compile the Catalogue of the Middle Eastern and Islamic Materials in New Zealand. This project will be published in the near future.

 


 

Muhammad Zubair

Zubair  

Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science
University of Peshawar
Peshawar, Pakistan

E-Mail: mzubairzaib@gmail.com

Fellow April – September 2015

Title of the research Project
The Interplay of Religion and Politics: A Case Study of Pakhtuns in Pakistan

 

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